Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious days for the Hindus, and is celebrated in almost all parts of the country in many cultural forms, with great devotion and joyfulness.
There are many meanings to this amazing day but let’s look at it from a practical and scientific view first. This day marks when the Sun begins its journey into the Northern Hemisphere. It is important to note the word Makar is Sanskrit for the zodiac sign Capricorn
There is a Sankranti every month when the sun passes from one sign of the zodiac to the next. There are twelve signs of the zodiac, and thus there are twelve Sankranti as well. Each of these sankranti has its own relative importance but two of these are more important Mesh (Aries) Sankranti and the most important, Makar (Capricorn) Sankranti. Transition of the Sun from Sagittarius to Capricorn, during the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere is known as Makar Sankranti.
The traditional Indian Calendar is based on lunar positions, but Sankranti is a solar event, so while dates of all festivals keep changing, the English calendar date of Makar Sankranti is always the same, 14th January. Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the Hindu Calendar month of Magha. There is another significance of this day, after this day the days start becoming longer & warmer, and thus the chill of winter is on decline.
There are many ways to celebrate this day from religious practices, spiritual sadhana and marking the start to prepare for a good agricultural year.
Makar Sankranti is marked by the following main religious events and symbolism:
Jaya Sri Krishna
By the Hindu Professional Society of Canada(HPSC)